Tuesday, 6 March 2018

Researchers say Diabetes is actually made up of FIVE different conditions

For decades, Diabetes has been divided into two types: type one, an autoimmune disease in which people stop producing insulin, and type two, in which the body becomes resistant to insulin.
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But now researchers, led by experts at Lund University have found type two diabetes should actually be categorised as four different diseases and this finding should prompt a ‘paradigm shift’ in the way people treat diabetes.
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WHAT ARE THE FIVE NEW TYPES OF DIABETES?

Cluster 1. Severe Autoimmune Diabetes - which until now has been known as ‘type one’ diabetes - is an autoimmune disease in which people stop producing insulin. Usually strikes in childhood but can emerge in adults. Requires insulin injections for life.
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Cluster 2. Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes - young people often misdiagnosed as having type one, but whose immune systems are fine. Actually a variant of type two diabetes, but often of a healthy weight. High blood sugar, low insulin production and moderate insulin resistance.
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Cluster 3. Severe Insulin-Resistant Diabetes - is predominantly linked to obesity and severe insulin resistance.
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Cluster 4. Mild Obesity-Related Diabetes - includes obese patients, but is less serious and includes people who fall ill at a relatively young age.
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Cluster 5. Mild Age-Related Diabetes is the largest group, with 40 per cent of all patients, and consists mostly of elderly patients.






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