Wednesday, 11 January 2017

Boy with the bleeding eyes recovers

Can you remember Sagar Dorji's, the four-year-old boy whose eyes would bleed and pop out as a result of leukaemia? Good news is he has been cured.
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After a five-month treatment plan, the swelling in his eyes has reduced and the bleeding has completely subsided but doctors remain worried that the disease may have caused irreversible damage to his eye sight.
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Initially, Sagar's illness baffled many especially since his parents could not afford to pay for tests. But good Samaritans took up his case and doctors later diagnosed Sagar with acute myeloid leukaemia - which can, on rare occasions, affect the blood vessels in the eyes.
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Surgeons conducted a bone marrow transplant on Sagar after his nine-year-old sister was found to be a match.
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👉🏽WHAT IS ACUTE MYELOID LEUKAEMIA?
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🏨Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a malignant disease of the bone marrow in which hematopoietic precursors are arrested in an early stage of development. Most AML subtypes are distinguished from other related blood disorders by the presence of more than 20% blasts in the bone marrow.
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🏨These leukemic (abnormal) cells build up in the blood and bone marrow and can eventually spread to other parts of the body including the lymph nodes and the spleen.
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🏨AML can occur in adults or children but is most often diagnosed in older people, and is most common in people over 65 years old.
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🏨On rare occasions, leukemic cells can multiply into extremely large numbers - which can affect the eyes. This can cause bleeding in the retina, which is the light-detecting layer at the back of the eye.
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💊💉Treatment: The most common approach, "3 and 7," consists of 3 days of a 15- to 30-minute infusion of an anthracycline (idarubicin or daunorubicin) or anthracenedione (mitoxantrone), combined with 100 mg/m2 of cytarabine (arabinosylcytosine; ara-C) as a 24-hour infusion daily for 7 days.
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