|The different hernia sites in the body|
Hernias have several causes/predisposing factors including:
- Surgery in the area that creates a weakness in the muscles because of incomplete healing
- Lifting heavy objects (Some strenuous jobs can cause hernias over time.)
- Strenuous physical activity
- Conditions that cause chronic cough
- Straining during a bowel movement (with constipation) or urination etc.
- Traditional: During traditional hernia repair, the abdominal wall is opened during the operation, the protruding tissue is moved back into the abdomen, and the abdominal wall is closed and the weak area reinforced with synthetic mesh. The person may be given general anesthesia and stay overnight in the hospital. The person will have an incision and several stitches.
- Laparoscopy: Many times the surgery can be done through laparoscopy. This type of surgery is less invasive than traditional hernia repair. With laparoscopy, tiny fiberoptic instruments are inserted into the abdomen through small surgical openings. The person may have three small incisions. A video camera is inserted into one opening, which guides the surgeon who is manipulating the instruments in the other two openings. The person is given general anesthesia, so he or she is asleep during the procedure. However, recovery is much shorter with this less invasive surgery. The person may even go home the same day.
Overall, the prognosis for hernia repair (herniorraphy) is very good as long as complications don't set in before the patient presents for treatment.
So if you notice any abnormal protusion/swelling on you body, have a doctor check it out as soon as possible.