Those with a Type-S brain tend to be better at constructing or analysing systems, while people with female, or Type-E, brains are more empathetic, they said.
Men with a 'male' brain are paid nearly 10 per cent more than those with a 'female' brain and were better paid in management, administration, IT, engineering and banking sectors.
In comparison, people with a female brain get better wages in sectors such as education , social care, sales and customer services - where empathising traits are important.
Both sexes can have either a male or female brain.
Male brains notice grammatical errors and find maps easy to read whereas those with a female brain are far less interested in the dates of key historical events and prefer to focus on other things, including the beauty of painting rather than the artists' technique.
The paper also says that those with a female brain find it easier to chat with new people, are sensitive to intrusion and show little interest in technical details of new gadgets.
Getty Researchers say that those with a 'male brain' are better at analytics where as 'female brains' are more empathetic.
Dr Nick Drydakis, reader in economics at Anglia Ruskin University, said the research showed that companies should investigate brain type to identifying the best staff.
He added: "Employees' brains are probably the most important productivity resource a firm has, and the E/S theory might provide predictions for each potential employee.
"Overall the results show that employees with higher systemising traits, or a male brain, receive greater financial rewards in the UK labour market."
"The results also suggest that men and women in certain occupations face positive wage rewards when their empathising and systemising traits are atypical to their gender, for example men with a female brain working in social care or women with a male brain working in banking."
The research is the first into the relationship between brain type and wages in the UK.
In addition to answering demographic and socioeconomic questions, respondents completed empathising and systemising questionnaires.
The study will appear in a forthcoming edition of The Manchester School journal.
Great research but I disagree with Dr. Nick Drydakis, if companies were to begin investigating brain types before employment, more women will be discriminated against and put in lower positions.
So while it's great to know my brain type, I don't want it to be used against me.
Source: The Mirror UK